From Script to Scripture: The History of the Bible

From Script to Scripture: The History of the Bible

Exhibit featuring rare Bibles from around the world opens at Southern Adventist University

January 15th, 2020 – by Wyatt Massey 

Staff photo by Wyatt Massey / Southern Adventist University’s “From Script to Scripture” exhibit on the history of the Bible opened to the public on Wednesday. On Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2020, people were given an exclusive tour of the exhibit.

A new exhibit that opened Wednesday, Jan. 15, at Southern Adventist University tracks the history of the Bible through the development of technology. 

The “From Script to Scripture” exhibit features rare Bibles and Christian books from around the world. Visitors will learn how the history of writing and the printing press spread the Christian faith and allowed for major division, like the Protestant Reformation, said Michael Hasel, the Institute of Archaeology director who designed the exhibit. 

On display at the museum is a copy of the Gutenberg Bible, one of the first mass-produced books in the world. Only 47 copies of this Bible still exist, Hasel said. Other rare Bibles on display include a Waldensian Bible, a French translation from a group that was heavily persecuted by the Catholic Church in the 16th and 17th centuries.

 Museum workers will need to switch out the books on display at various times so nothing is damaged, Hasel said.  “The big challenge with these books is that they — are sensitive to the light,” he said.

 Some of the materials on display are owned by the university or were purchased, though much of the collection was given to the university by an anonymous donor.

 The exhibit details how advancements in the printing press helped spread the ideas of Martin Luther and ushered in the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. Art was used heavily at the time to tell major Bible stories, since the majority of Christians could not read, Hasel said.

 Even in recent centuries, the Bible played a prominent role in the creation of American universities. For example, the Bible is part of the seals of Harvard University and Yale University, Hasel said.

 Other books on display were created to document the ways various Christian denominations were persecuted. Hasel, who has worked in the Middle East as an archaeologist for more than 30 years, said he hopes people recognize the sacrifices people made to preserve Christianity.

 “I think we forget in our world today all the sacrifices that were made over the centuries so that we can have religion today,” he said.

Museum Hours:  The museum is free and open Monday to Thursday from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. and from 1 to 5 p.m. On Fridays, the museum is open from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. The museum is open Saturday and Sunday from 2 to 5 p.m.


Lynn H. Wood Archaeology Museum
Hackman Hall – 4960 Colcord Drive – 423.236.2030 
Southern Adventist University
Collegedale, TN

More info:  

From Script to Scripture: The History of the Bible

Writing began with pictures known as pictographs. These images or shapes represented concepts, not only the object they portrayed. The Egyptians developed a system of symbols and art that became the basis for their language. Egyptian hieroglyphs came to represent both concepts or ideograms and sounds or phonograms. The combination of both was in use for thousands of years. Through many centuries our alphabet evolved into three main languages: Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. These languages would preserve the Word of God in many different media such as papyrus, vellum, and parchment through the Dark Ages.

 In various times Reformation groups surfaced, and they would rediscover the Scriptures. These Reformers would change the world by translating the Bible into their local languages. Introducing God’s Word to the printing press started a liturgical fire that could not be quenched to this day. This exhibit will display written works from the 13th century A.D through the European Reformation, including works from Martin Luther, William Tyndale, and Henry VIII.

 We will also be exhibiting works from the Counter-Reformation including Ignatius of Loyola, Thomas Rhandi, and many more. The exhibit will continue with books spanning from European Protestants who fled to America to escape persecution to the American Reformers that started our country on the path to religious freedom. Some of these works include authors like John Locke, Cotton Mather, and Jonathan Edwards.

This exhibit will be on display January 15, 2020, to April 30, 2021.

This early Hebrew text of Genesis 26:19-35:18 was written by hand on parchment. Photo Terry Henson/Southern Adventist University



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